This report is currently unavailable while under journal review
As the war in Ukraine continues into its second year, it is critical for policymakers and
analysts to obtain accurate assessments of the state of current Russian public opinion.
However, existing survey data from within the Russian Federation is widely considered to
be unreliable as a result of self-censorship, response bias, and suspected manipulation of
This report uses web search data collected from within Russia via Google and Yandex in
order to proxy for survey measures of Russian public opinion, including political dissent,
household financial security, and personal life satisfaction.
Our results suggest that, contrary to official Russian public opinion sources, levels of
Russian life satisfaction may be near their lowest levels in a decade, while levels of online
dissent have spiked during moments of failure in the prosecution of the war, most notably
in response to rising casualties and efforts by the Kremlin at military mobilisation.