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The Wealth Economy

The team led by Dimitri Zenghelis and Matthew Agarwala focuses on social and natural capital as key determinants of the wealth economy.

When we think of prosperity, we think about the future as well as the present. Is today’s standard of living, way of life, sustainable?  Most households and business leaders answer this by thinking about their assets such as pensions, savings, or their skills and experience. Most people think about prosperity in terms of their ability to access a broad range of goods and services including, not just material consumption but also access to finance, opportunities, healthcare and justice and perhaps the degree to which they are insured against risks of social upheaval, conflict and insecurity. The Wealth Economy project aims to understand and measure the wide range of assets required for sustainable prosperity.

Forward-looking economic policy requires the management of a portfolio of assets that a country possesses, or can access, to ensure that citizens enjoy a sustainable flow of benefits into the indefinite future. This project asks: how we can move to a world beyond GDP? What is true, sustainable prosperity? Our measurement of economic success has evolved to include diverse critical assets: physical, financial, intangible, human, natural and social capitals. For example, could there be a radical replacement of GDP with a small dashboard recording access to these six key assets?

The Wealth Economy team, Matthew Agarwala, Saite Lu and Dimitri Zenghelis are focusing on social, natural and human capital as key determinants of the wealth economy.

Recent years have seen little progress on measuring (or even defining) social capital or trust, despite broad ranging evidence (not to mention experience) for its importance in economic outcomes. The first stage of our research confirmed its importance for productivity. We are currently exploring the interaction between social capital, or a community’s assets, and human capital, the term used for an individual’s skills, know-how and health.

Natural capital has an international definition (in the System of Environmental Economic Accounts), and a few statistical agencies including the UK’s Office for National Statistics have begun developing natural capital estimates – although they are a work in progress, with data gaps, and some difficult conceptual challenges because of the inter-connections, non-linearities and potential irreversible thresholds in natural systems.

These assets offer different types of opportunity to have an impact on statistics, policy and ultimately all of our well-being.

This research is exploring the potential of the whole range of assets required for a sustainable, prosperous economy. The team is actively engaging with policymakers around the world, and national and international statistical agencies.

The Wealth Economy Online Course

Learn more about “The Wealth Economy: a Framework for Sustainable Prosperity ‘Beyond GDP’” in a new online course led by the Bennett Institute’s Professor Diane Coyle and Dr Saite Lu – accredited by the University of Cambridge. This six-week course enables decision-makers to develop a rigorous and holistic framework for making effective use of all their resources in a way that embeds sustainability and de-silos decision-making.

Democratising Education for Global Sustainability and Justice programme

The Democratising Education for Global Sustainability and Justice programme delivers short online courses to current and future law and policy leaders worldwide to better advance the implementation of international agreements to address global sustainability challenges. One of the short online courses studies teaches the Bennett Institutes’ Wealth Economy framework to better understand and measure the wide range of assets required for sustainable prosperity.  


This project is funded by LetterOne.

Related People

Dimitri Zenghelis

Dimitri Zenghelis

Special Advisor: The Wealth Economy

Dimitri Zenghelis is a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Grantham Research Institute at the LSE where, from 2013-2017, he was Head of Climate Policy. In 2014 he was Acting Chief...

Matthew Agarwala

Dr Matthew Agarwala

Project Leader: The Wealth Economy

Dr Matthew Agarwala is an economist interested in wealth-based approaches to measuring and delivering sustainability, wellbeing, and productivity. His research is motivated by the belief that 21st century progress cannot...

Saite Lu

Dr Saite Lu

Affiliated Researcher

Saite Lu is an Affiliated Researcher at the Bennett Institute for Public Policy, and the Mead Fellow in Economics at Emmanuel College where he supervises College economists on a range of...

Diane Coyle 2018

Professor Diane Coyle

Bennett Professor of Public Policy and Co-Director of the Bennett Institute for Public Policy

Professor Coyle co-directs the Institute with Professor Kenny. She is heading research under the progress and productivity themes. Biography Professor Dame Diane Coyle is the Bennett Professor of Public Policy...

Dr Vianney Gomezgil Yaspik

Affiliated Researcher

Dr Vianney Gomezgil Yaspik completed her PhD in the Politics and International Studies department at the University of Cambridge. She also holds degrees in Mathematics, Computer Science, and Economics from...

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